MapStruct is a serious alternative for Dozer bean mapping project. It’s a code generator which simplifies the implementation of mappings between Java bean types based on a convention over configuration approach.

MapStruct solves some traditional mapping issues like a lack of performance, difficult mapping code debugging and late errors détection (usually in code execution).

This posts presents how to use MapStruct by dealing with bean mapping case.

Maven configuration

MapStruct is an annotation processor which is plugged into the Java compiler. That why we need to configure maven processor plugin to parse the mapping annotations and generate code.

      <!-- other project dependencies -->


Source classes

The source code bellow, presents the source class and its dependencies.

public class User {

    private String fullName;
    private Address address;
    private List<Authority> authorities;

    // Add getters and setters

public class Address {

    private String street;
    private String city;
    private String state;
    private String zipCode;

    public String toString() {
        return street + ", " + city + ", " + state + ", " + zipCode;
    // Add getters and setters

public class Authority {
    private String code;
    private String value;
    // Add getters and setters

Destination classes

The destination class has a String type address and a set of string for authorities values.

The mapper have to do three actions:

  1. Copy name field value.
  2. Convert Address object to String.
  3. Convert List to Set.

public class UserDto {

    private String name;
    private String address;
    private Set<String> authorities;

    // Add getters and setters

Mapping code

public abstract class UserMapping {
    public static UserMapping INSTANCE = Mappers.getMapper(UserMapping.class);

         @Mapping(source="fullName", target="name"),
         @Mapping(target="address", expression="java(user.getAddress().toString())")
    public abstract UserDto userToDto (User user);

    @IterableMapping(elementTargetType = String.class)
    protected abstract Set<String> mapListToSet(List<Authority> value);

    protected String mapAuthorityToString(Authority authority) {
        return authority.getValue();

Generated mapping code

Mapping code will be gerated in the generate-sources phase when executing Maven install goal.

If there is no mapping specification error, you can check mapping code under project-folder/target/generated-sources folder.

@Generated(value = "org.mapstruct.ap.MappingProcessor",  date = "today",
    comments = "version: 1.0.0.CR2, compiler: javac, 
    environment: Java 1.7.0 (Sun Microsystems Inc.)"
public class UserMappingImpl extends UserMapping {

    public UserDto userToDto(User user) {
        if ( user == null ) {
            return null;

        UserDto userDto = new UserDto();
        userDto.setName( user.getFullName() );
        userDto.setAuthorities( mapListToSet( user.getAuthorities() ) );
        userDto.setAddress( user.getAddress().toString());
        return userDto;

    protected Set<String> mapListToSet(List<Authority> value) {
        if ( value == null ) {
            return null;
        Set<String> set_ = new HashSet<String>();
        for ( Authority authority : value ) {
            set_.add( mapAuthorityToString( authority ) );
        return set_;

Test beans mapping

public class MappingTest {
    public void testMapping() {
        Address address = new Address( "street", "city", "state", "zipCode");
        User user = new User("name", address, Arrays.asList(new Authority("1", "admin"), new Authority("2", "user")));

        UserDto userDto = UserMapping.INSTANCE.userToDto(user);

        Assert.assertEquals("name", userDto.getName());
        Assert.assertEquals("street, city, state, zipCode", userDto.getAddress());
        Assert.assertTrue(userDto.getAuthorities().containsAll(Arrays.asList("admin", "user")));


In this posts, we dealt with some MapStruct features like collections mapping and expressions. It has other mapping features that can fit your mapping needs like Decorators, Enum type mapping and customized mappings with Before/After mapping methods.

At the moment when I’m writing this article, Mapstruct is in RC2 version. I think soon we will have a release which is mature enough to be considered for production use.

Integrate Gulp on a Maven managed project

Using front-end frameworks for a java web application like AngularJs and Bootstrap needs some caution to manage JavaScript and Css dependencies.

There are two tools family for front-end libraries management. The Java ones like Wro4j and Jawr witch have the advantage to integrate easily to Java project management softs like maven and grails and don’t need any extra knowledge.

The second ones are JavaScript tools like Grunt, Bower and Gulp. Those tools have a great success and have the advantage to be used for front-end frameworks development.

Photo credit: Tony lea

As a result, you will face less problems where managing front-end dependencies and optimizing web resources.

This this post presents a solution to use Maven, Bower and Gulp to manage front-end libraries for a java web project.

The source code of this post is available in this link and you can test it here.

Add frontend maven Plugin

Frontend plugin install node and npm and It lets you run Bower and Gulp.

Add the xml bellow to your project pom.xml file to configure “frontend-maven-plugin”.

                     <id>install node and npm</id>
                     <id>npm install</id>
                     <id>bower install</id>
                     <id>gulp build</id>

Add front-end dependencies

Bower works by fetching and installing front-end packages. For more information about bower visit the website

Add a bower.json file with front-end dependencies in the root directory of your maven project (next to the pom.xml file).

  "name": "example",
  "version": "0.0.1",
  "dependencies": {
    "jquery": "~2.1.3",
    "angular": "1.4.5",
    "angular-route": "1.4.5",
    "angular-resource": "1.4.5",
    "angular-sanitize": "1.4.5",
    "bootstrap": "3.3.4",
    "bootstrap-material-design": "0.3.0",
    "angular-swagger-ui": "~0.2.3"
  "private": true

Add Glup module dependencies

Add package.json file with the content bellow.

  "name": "example",
  "version": "0.0.1",
  "dependencies": {
    "bower": "~1.3.12",
    "gulp": "^3.9.0",
    "gulp-concat": "^2.6.0",
    "gulp-concat-vendor": "0.0.4",
    "gulp-uglify": "^1.3.0",
    "main-bower-files": "^2.9.0",
    "gulp-minify-css" : "^1.2.1",
    "gulp-inject": "1.5.0",
    "gulp-run-sequence": "0.3.2",
    "stream-series": "0.1.1",
    "gulp-gzip": "1.2.0",
    "gulp-clone": "1.0.0"
  "jspm": {
    "dependencies": {
      "jquery": "github:jquery/jquery@^2.1.3"
    "devDependencies": {
      "traceur": "github:jmcriffey/bower-traceur@0.0.88",
      "traceur-runtime": "github:jmcriffey/bower-traceur-runtime@0.0.88"
  "scripts": {
    "prebuild": "npm install",
    "build": "gulp"

Add a Gulp execution file

Create the Gulp execution file gulpfile.js with the content bellow.

var gulp           = require('gulp');
var concat         = require('gulp-concat');
var concatVendor   = require('gulp-concat-vendor');
var uglify         = require('gulp-uglify');
var minify         = require('gulp-minify-css')
var mainBowerFiles = require('main-bower-files');
var inject         = require('gulp-inject');
var runSequence    = require('gulp-run-sequence');
var gzip           = require('gulp-gzip');
var clone          = require('gulp-clone');
var series         = require('stream-series');

var vendorJs;
var vendorCss;

gulp.task('lib-js-files', function () {
    vendorJs = gulp.src(mainBowerFiles('**/*.js'),{ base: 'bower_components' })


gulp.task('lib-css-files', function () {
    vendorCss = gulp.src(mainBowerFiles('**/*.css'), {base: 'bower_components'})


gulp.task('index', function () {
    var target = gulp.src("src/main/webapp/index.html");
    var sources = gulp.src(['src/main/webapp/resources/js/*.js', 'src/main/webapp/resources/css/*.css'], {read: false});
    return target.pipe(inject(series(vendorJs, vendorCss, sources), {relative: true}))

gulp.task('copyFonts', function() {

// Default Task
gulp.task('default', function () {
    runSequence('lib-js-files', 'lib-css-files', 'index', 'copyFonts');

The gulp script has 4 tasks:

  • lib-js-files : concat, uglify and compress all vendor javascript dependencies
  • lib-css-files : concat, minify and compress all vendor css dependencies
  • index : inject the dependencies to file
  • copyFonts : copy fonts to vendor/font directory to keep css references

The graph bellow presents gulp tasks flows.


Configure Spring to resolve Gzip files

In this step, we configure Spring MVC framework to look for Gzip files for the application web resources.

// Extra config annotations 
public class MvcConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
                .addResolver(new GzipResourceResolver())
                .addResolver(new PathResourceResolver());

    // Extra config here


Build and deploy your application

Build your application by running :

mvn clean install

Under OpenShift, you may need to change home directory (npm needs to create files under HOME directory):

If everything is well done, your project directory will have the structure described below.

   +-- bower_components **
   +-- node **
   +-- node_module **
   +-- src
   |    +-- main
   |    |     +-- java
   |    |     +-- resources
   |    |     \-- webapp
   |    |           +-- resources
   |    |           |      +-- css
   |    |           |      +-- js
   |    |           |      \-- vendor **
   |    |           |            +-- css
   |    |           |            |    +-- lib.min.css
   |    |           |            |    \-- lib.min.css.gz
   |    |           |            +-- fonts 
   |    |           |            |    +-- glyphicons-halflings-regular.svg
   |    |           |            |    +-- ....
   |    |           |            \-- js
   |    |           |                 +-- lib.min.js
   |    |           |                 \-- lib.min.js.gz
   |    |           +-- WEB-INF
   |    |           \-- index.html 
   |    +-- test
   +-- target
   +-- bower.json
   +-- gulpfile.js
   +-- package.json
   \-- pom.xml

Finally, deploy and run the application. The sample application of this post is deployed on this link.

The two pictures bellow present Chrome DevTools to compare network performance of the optimized web application which has a load time of 2.74s and the same application without resource optimization which has a load time of 3.37s.

2015_09_23_16_02_46_tomcat7_samerabdelkafi.rhcloud.com_fng_project_apiDoc 2015_09_23_16_03_24_tomcat7_samerabdelkafi.rhcloud.com_ng_swagger_apiDoc

Deploy your application to OpenShift

OpenShift provides free Tomcat application server hosting, which could be useful for hosting a demo application.

Deploying a web application can be done in many ways. You can use Git to push application code on the server, or use an Openshift IDE plugin, or connect with an SSH connection to checkout your code, build your application and deploy it.


Golden Gate Bridge

In this post, I present another way to deploy a web application on Openshift by using tomcat maven plugin and tomcat manager.

Add OpenShift application

If you don’t have an OpenShift account, you have to sign up in this link
Create your application on the OpenShift online user interface, Click “Add new Application” button. Choose Tomcat 7 as application type.

Connect to the server

Use ssh connection to connect to thes server

Install and configure Tomcat Manager

cd jbossews/
mkdir tomcat
cp -avr apache-tomcat-7.0.62/webapps/manager/ ../webapps/
cd ..
rm -r tomcat/

Next, configure tomcat users file.
Under /var/lib/openshift/OPENSHIFT_APP_UUID/jbossews/conf directory edit the tomcat-users.xml

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
  <role rolename="tomcat"/>
  <role rolename="manager-script"/>
  <role rolename="manager-gui"/>
  <user username="tomcat" password="changeit" roles="tomcat,manager-script,manager-gui"/>

Deploy your application

You can access the manager user interface in this link to deploy your application or a third party war files.

Configure the tomcat maven plugin as shown in the pom file bellow.

<project xmlns="" xmlns:xsi=""
	<!-- project config -->

Finally, build and deploy your application.

mvn clean install tomcat7:redeploy 

Develop a web application with AngularJS and Spring MVC

Nowadays customers have a rich web experience with Gmail, Google Apps, Facebook and Twitter. A basic server side rendered web pages doesn’t fit anymore to the new HMI (human-machine interface) needs.

AngularJs is one of the most successful front-end frameworks for RIA (Rich Internet Application Development) development.

AngularJs encourages the use of the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern to decouple the code and to separate concerns.


Denver Art Museum / Daniel Libeskind

Despite the Javascript language specificities, a JEE developer will appreciate having some best practice and design patterns that he’s familiar with.

This article illustrate how to integrate AngularJs to a Spring MVC project. I hope this article will help developers to take the plunge and start using AngularJs.

The sample project source code is available on this link
The sample IHM Demo is available here.

1. Add AngularJs librery

I adopted Webjars as a way to manage static web resources via the Maven dependency management mechanism. This could be done by front package manager like Bower.


Add ResourceHandler for webjars to your Spring configuration file if it isn’t already done.

@ComponentScan(basePackages = { "com.mycompany.myproject.web.controller" })
public class MvcConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
    // Non shown code

2. Develop the business logic

In this sample project, we have a simple business logic. The front-end get a list from a rest web service and display it.
The code bellow presents our business logic implementation.

Add a new javasvript file app.js.

    .module('myApp', ['ngResource'])
    .service('UsersService', function ($log, $resource) {
        return {
            getAll: function () {
                var userResource = $resource('users', {}, {
                    query: {method: 'GET', params: {}, isArray: true}
                return userResource.query();
    .controller('UsersController', function ($scope, $log, UsersService) {
        $scope.users = UsersService.getAll();

myApp : root module for the project.
UsersService : service for executing the http request
UsersController : controller executed when the page is loaded.

3. Develop the view part

AngularJs implements MVC pattern. The html page is the view part, the controller is developed client side by java script and the model is Json object to get from the server side.

Import AngularJs library to your Html code.

<!DOCTYPE html ng-app="myApp">
<html ng-controller="UsersController">
<!-- header code -->

<div ng-repeat="user in users">{{user.firstName}} {{user.familyName}}</div>

<script type="text/javascript" src="webjars/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="webjars/angularjs/1.3.8/angular.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="webjars/angularjs/1.3.8/angular-resource.min.js"></script>

4. Deploy and run the application

Now we will deploy and run the application to verify the configuration.

5. Application enhancement

5.1 Design enhancement

To enhance the application design, we use twitter bootstrap librery with a material design theme.

  • first step, add dependency for jquery, bootstrap and bootstrap-material-design using webjars.
  • Next, import css and js files to the html page.
  • finally, modify html code for displaying the list.

5.2 Functional enhancement

AngularJS comes with many handy filters built-in. We use “filter:string” to add search function. All strings or objects with string properties in array that match this string will be returned.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html ng-app="myApp">
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="webjars/bootstrap/3.2.0/css/bootstrap.css">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="webjars/bootstrap-material-design/0.2.1/css/material.css">
<body ng-controller="UsersController">

<div class="row">
    <div class="container">
        <div id="userList" class="col-sm-offset-1 col-sm-10">
            <div class="input-group">
                <input class="form-control" id="search" name="search" placeholder="Search for" ng-model="query"
              <span class="input-group-btn">
                  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">
                      <i class="glyphicon glyphicon-search"></i>
            <div class="list-group">
                <div class="list-group-item">
                    <div ng-repeat="user in users | filter:query" class="list-group-item" style="margin-top:16px">
                        <div class="row-picture">
                            <img class="circle"
                                 src="{{user.firstName | lowercase}}-{{user.familyName | lowercase}}_50x50.jpg"
                        <div class="row-content">
                            <h4 class="list-group-item-heading">{{user.firstName}} {{user.familyName}}</h4>

                            <p class="list-group-item-text"><i class="glyphicon glyphicon-envelope"></i> {{}}
<script type="text/javascript" src="webjars/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="webjars/angularjs/1.3.8/angular.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="webjars/angularjs/1.3.8/angular-resource.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="webjars/bootstrap-material-design/0.2.1/js/material.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="resources/js/app.js"></script>

The picture bellow presents a print screen for the application.

I think AngularJs, is one of the best front-end framework. It has many great features like data binding, dependency injection, MVC pattern implementation and page templates.

The major new version 2.0 of AngularJS has a significant deference from version 1.X, but it doesn’t seem to have migration path. AngularJs developers will encounter a drastically different looking framework and will need to learn a new architecture.

Even though there is no compatibility with the version 2.0, actual version has many good features and it’s still a good choice as a front-end framework.